Samoyed Dog Training & Care

The Samoyed dog is an ancient working dog breed. The dog breed got its name from the Samoyed hunters and fishermen of Siberia. The Samoyed people use these dogs to guard their property, for herding reindeers and also pulling their sleds. An explorer by the name of Robert Scott brought the Samoyed dogs to England in 1889 and from there they spread to the rest of the world. This dog breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1906.

The Samoyed dog has a compact and muscular body. Its wedge-shaped head is notably broad and slightly crowned. Its muzzle is in proportion to its size and is tapering near the nose. The stop is very well defined but is not abrupt. Its nose color can be brown, black, or liver. Its lips are black and its teeth meet in some kind of a scissors bite. Its eyes are dark almond in color and are deep-set. The eyes are somewhat wide apart and have a slanting lower lid with dark rims. The ears are erect and triangular in shape, but are slightly rounded at its tips. The tail is quite long and well covered with hair. Its legs are solid and muscular, while its feet are flat and are covered with hair. Its double coat is profuse and thick. Its undercoat is short, soft and thick. Its outer coat stands straight out and is harsh. A ruff can be observed around the neck and shoulders, which frames its head. It has several coat colors which include yellow, pure white, biscuit and cream.

The gentle Samoyed dog is easy-going, friendly, very devoted, and quite playful. They can be friendly to all which include intruders. Yes they are too friendly, but it can bark well to alert you on the presence of strangers. It can adapt well with family life and gets along very well with children. They are very intelligent, and will positively respond to patient and firm training, which should start at an early age. It is recommended that the owner be a confident, firm and consistent pack leader in order to avoid some potential behavior issues like obsessive barking.

The Samoyed dog requires extensive grooming and they are seasonally heavy shedders. Its fluffy double coat needs regular brushing. The coat tends to stay white even without bathing. This dog breed is very prone to diabetes, hip dysplasia and skin allergies. The Samoyed dog will do fine as an apartment pet for as long as it is sufficiently exercised. It can be very active indoors and needs a small yard to play around. Its heavy coat makes this dog breed unsuitable to life in hotter climates. This dog breed needs a good amount of exercise which includes a daily walk or jog. The life expectancy of this dog breed is about 12-15 years.

Facts About Samoyeds

Samoyeds are beautiful dogs. But with beauty comes responsibility as the decision to acquire Samoyeds require the acceptance of the whole family. It is important that you do research about Samoyeds as well as ask owners and breeders of Samoyeds.

What are Samoyeds?
Samoyeds acquired its name from the Samoyedic Siberian people. These people were reindeer herders who are nomadic. They specifically bred these white fluffy dogs to help pull sleds when their group moved.

Size of Samoyeds
Male Samoyeds usually weigh anywhere from 23 to 30 kilograms. Meanwhile, females weigh approximately 17 to 25 kilograms. The height of male Samoyeds is 21 to 23.5 inches at the shoulder. Meanwhile, the height of females range from 19 to 21 inches.

What are the color of their eyes?
The eyes of Samoyeds are either brown or black and are shaped like almonds. Meanwhile, the ears of Samoyeds are covered with thick fur. They are also triangular in shape and usually erect. Usually, these dogs are white but they could also have a brown and dark tint.

How about their tails?
The tails of Samoyeds are unique. Similar to the Alaskan Malamute, their tail is curled over the dogs back. Tails of authentic Samoyeds are not tightly curled or held similar to a flag. Essentially, it must be carried over to the back and lying to one side.

During cold weather, Samoyeds might sleep with their own tails laid over their noses in order to offer them added warmth. Usually, when Samoyeds are at ease and relaxed, they allow their tails to fall. When their tails return to a curl, they are usually more alert.

How about their coat?
Samoyeds have a double layer dense coat. Their topcoat consists of a coarse, long and straight guard hairs which are white in appearance but actually have a silver-colored tint. This layer allows the undercoat to be relatively free from debris and clean.

Their undercoat is a short, dense fur that allows Samoyeds to be warm. This undercoat is shed usually once or two times per year. This process is seasonal and is usually called blowing coat. The standard appearance of Samoyeds combines white and biscuit coloring. Male Samoyeds have ruffs which are larger compared to females.

Temperament
Samoyeds are good-natured and love being with people. Their breed is people and family-oriented. They love spending time with people inside the home or wherever there are people present.

It is easy to be friends with Samoyeds. Take note that Samoyeds require attention as boredom causes them to act out and experience behavioral problems. These dogs are ideal for children. Samoyeds are highly intelligent that at times, their uniqueness is interpreted as stubbornness. This breed are capable of making their own decisions. The most excellent way to train Samoyeds is through patience and consistency.

Samoyeds are highly vocal dogs who will easily sing or bark. A few of them are chewers and diggers. They are essentially happy and lively dogs. They are great with kids and prefer stomping in the yard specially during the winter.

Samoyeds prefer to bark when announcing visitors. However, they are not capable of being guard dogs. Once a visitor arrives, they will highly likely cozy up to guests and request for a rub down. However, they are great in families and usually favor one person over another. They are great companions for those who prefer to be outdoors. Samoyeds are great companions for hiking in the woods. They are also capable of keeping people warm when out on a camping trip. However, they are quite difficult to train.

Elegance
Samoyeds look naturally elegant. They possess compact muscles which makes them look dignified. They are the sole Nordic breed which lived inside reindeer tents with humans who kept them warm. Samoyeds could live within packs or on their own. The breed is double-coated and possesses a soft undercoat. Believe it or not, their elegance comes with a price since they require at least an hour of grooming each week.

Exercise
Samoyeds needs sufficient exercise. They prefer to be active yet they are not high strung. They are able to exercise outdoors or indoors. They need to be in a fenced secured yard where they could play freely and run. They could also live in apartments as long as owners are willing to take them out and allow them to run,  potty adequately and exercise.

Health
Samoyeds have health problems similar to any breed. Usually, they experience eye problems and hip dysplasia.
The kind of food your Samoyed dog requires will largely depend on their size, weight and age. You might want to consult with your Veterinarian, breeder and owners for advice.

It is important that Samoyeds have continuous access to fresh water for drinking. Vaccinations provided to Samoyed dogs must be timely and current. If you reside in areas where parasites are present, discuss with your Veterinarian the methods to prevent fleas and ticks.