Samoyed Dog Training & Care

The Samoyed dog is an ancient working dog breed. The dog breed got its name from the Samoyed hunters and fishermen of Siberia. The Samoyed people use these dogs to guard their property, for herding reindeers and also pulling their sleds. An explorer by the name of Robert Scott brought the Samoyed dogs to England in 1889 and from there they spread to the rest of the world. This dog breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1906.

The Samoyed dog has a compact and muscular body. Its wedge-shaped head is notably broad and slightly crowned. Its muzzle is in proportion to its size and is tapering near the nose. The stop is very well defined but is not abrupt. Its nose color can be brown, black, or liver. Its lips are black and its teeth meet in some kind of a scissors bite. Its eyes are dark almond in color and are deep-set. The eyes are somewhat wide apart and have a slanting lower lid with dark rims. The ears are erect and triangular in shape, but are slightly rounded at its tips. The tail is quite long and well covered with hair. Its legs are solid and muscular, while its feet are flat and are covered with hair. Its double coat is profuse and thick. Its undercoat is short, soft and thick. Its outer coat stands straight out and is harsh. A ruff can be observed around the neck and shoulders, which frames its head. It has several coat colors which include yellow, pure white, biscuit and cream.

The gentle Samoyed dog is easy-going, friendly, very devoted, and quite playful. They can be friendly to all which include intruders. Yes they are too friendly, but it can bark well to alert you on the presence of strangers. It can adapt well with family life and gets along very well with children. They are very intelligent, and will positively respond to patient and firm training, which should start at an early age. It is recommended that the owner be a confident, firm and consistent pack leader in order to avoid some potential behavior issues like obsessive barking.

The Samoyed dog requires extensive grooming and they are seasonally heavy shedders. Its fluffy double coat needs regular brushing. The coat tends to stay white even without bathing. This dog breed is very prone to diabetes, hip dysplasia and skin allergies. The Samoyed dog will do fine as an apartment pet for as long as it is sufficiently exercised. It can be very active indoors and needs a small yard to play around. Its heavy coat makes this dog breed unsuitable to life in hotter climates. This dog breed needs a good amount of exercise which includes a daily walk or jog. The life expectancy of this dog breed is about 12-15 years.

The Miniature Samoyed

Samoyed is originally used for sledding, herding, and keeping the owners warm in Siberia. Explorers use Miniature Samoyeds for polar expeditions. Origin traced back from Fridtjof Nansen when he used a Samoyed to effectively explore the north. The breed of the Miniature Samoyed almost comes into extinction because Nansen fed the stronger dogs by eating the weaker dogs.

Samoyed were traded and sold to Americans by fur traders in 1906. It led to the eventual spread of the Samoyed in America and also to the neighboring countries.

Samoyed weighs between 23 to 30 kilograms for male dogs and 17 to 25 kilograms for female dogs. They stand 21 to 23.5 inches at the shoulder for males and 19 to 21 inches for female. Miniature Samoyed is typically shorter than the Samoyed.

The eyes of Samoyed and Miniature Samoyed are almond-shaped and usually black or brown. Their eyes may appear as blue or any other color but these are not allowed by AKC for show competitions. Their ears are triangular in shape and erect. The tails of Samoyed and Miniature Samoyed are one of the best distinguishing and best assets of this dog breed. The tail is curled over and touching their back. These are long and profusely coated. When curled over to the side of the body, it means they are alert. When the tail is dropped, it is relaxed and at rest. They usually curl their tails when they are alert or when they are watchful of the situation. During cold weathers, Samoyed and Miniature Samoyed use their tails to cover up their body especially their nose. The long haired coat of the dog provides additional warmth during cold weather.

The reason why people like the Miniature Samoyed so much is because of the double layered and white-colored coat that made them look physically appealing. This is because Samoyed originates from cool places and their body adapt to the weather. However, having a Miniature Samoyed requires attention because its coat needs to be brushed and cleaned regularly. The white colored coat of the dog also have hint of silver, making them look sparkling at times.

They are loyal and good watchdogs. They are one of the best companions because they are friendly and remain to be playful even until the old age. When they become bored, they start to look for other things to do and the most common of which is digging.